History of Anatolian Fortress
Where is Anatolian Fortress?
Many people wonder where the Anatolian Fortress. The other name of Anatolian Fortress is Yenice Fortress. Anadolu Hisarı is located in Anadolu Hisarı district of Istanbul. In other words, the neighbourhood is named after the fort. Göksu River and Bosphorus meet in this region. The fortress, which has a width of seven acres, is about a quarter of the Rumeli Fortress. Located in the narrowest part of the Bosphorus, the Anatolian Fortress is opposite the Rumeli Fortress, and the distance between them is 850 meters.
How is the architecture of Anatolian Fortress?
The architecture of Anatolian Fortress is quite impressive. The Anatolian Fortress was built according to the castle architecture of the Ottoman architecture. In the first place, there is a square tower. The outer walls were constructed during the conquest of Istanbul (during the reign of Fatih Sultan Mehmet). In the same period, three essential towers were built in the outer tower, but many of them are now demolished. The actual tower has a width of 65 meters in the east-west direction and 80 meters in the north-south direction. The fort started to be built in 1393 and finished in 1395.
How is the history of Anatolian Fortress?
The history of the Anatolian Fortress is curious by many people. The purpose of the construction of this fortress is to take measures for the attacks that may threaten Anatolia and come from the Bosphorus. The use of Yıldırım Beyazıt's hiding, while he was building his fort, is related to the conquest of Istanbul. After the construction of Anadolu Hisarı, the Bosphorus was quickly inspected because the location of the Anatolian Fortress is an area dominating the crucial regions of the Bosphorus.
At the time of the construction of the Anatolian Fortress, Byzantines and Genoese were colonies in this region. For the Ottomans and the Genoese, it was imperative to dominate the Bosphorus. He convinced the Ottoman Genoese for the construction of the Anatolian Fortress. The importance of this fortress for the Ottomans was to prevent the attacks by the Black Sea when Istanbul was to be seized and to prevent the aid from the Black Sea to Byzantium. The purpose of the construction of the Rumeli Fortress was the same as the Fortress of Anatolia. After the two citadels were built, they played an essential role during the conquest of Istanbul. After the conquest of Istanbul, the two fortresses were not used as strategic points but were used for different purposes. For a while, the prison became a prison for the Janissaries, and in the 16th century, it became a neighbourhood in which soldiers and families settled around. It was then used for transit controls and taxes in the Bosphorus. During the Republican period was taken under protection for tourism purposes. Anadolu Hisarı was very important in Ottoman history.
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