Istanbul, which is one of the most important cities of Turkey and the world with its cultural richness, natural beauties, deep-rooted history, lyric epic structures and endless sea, hosts millions of visitors every year. From a geographical point of view, the city, which combines both Asian and European continents, helps establish a link between eastern and western culture. Istanbul, where the Asian and European continents are united, is built on seven hills within the borders of Turkey's Marmara Region. The names of these hills are Topkapı Palace, Çemberli Taş, Fatih, Beyazit, Edirnekapı, Yavuz Selim and Koca Mustafa Pasha. Istanbul is also renowned for Bosporus that combines the Black Sea and the Mediterranean at the same time.
In order to sightsee without getting cold, you should visit in the spring or summer months where the city, which has a structure that attracts tourists every period of the year. You can be sure that you will be admired in every detail, especially in the summer season and which offers a more beautiful nature and social life with regaining the vitality of the sea. The purple courgette trees that open up in the spring also help you raise your positive energy. You can easily find airline tickets to this destination in both summer and winter from flights from all airports in Turkey. Apart from the plane, you can also choose to use highway or the railway. In addition to domestic flights, there are direct or connecting flights to Istanbul from all major airports.
Places to Visit in Istanbul
The city that confirms the saying “life ends, but Istanbul doesn’t”, visitors are fascinated with places to visit, streets to explore, history-stinking buildings. Located in one of the world's most prominent cities thanks to its natural beauties and vibrant history, Istanbul has many buildings and areas protected by UNESCO. In a city that is becoming more complex with increasing population every passing day, the planning made a little easier to facilitate the flow of everyday life. In general, many of the places to visit are in the area called Historical Peninsula.
You can find a trace on every corner of Istanbul, which hosted two great empires and two religions in the past. You can find the most important temples of Islam and Orthodox Christianity in the streets of the city. You can reach the most visited historical places of the city by walking distance. There are many traces and details belonging to the Byzantine Istanbul in the area called Historical Peninsula. You can see the places which should be visited in Istanbul in the rest of the article.
Hagia Sophia Museum
Hagia Sophia Museum is at the forefront of Istanbul’s travel list as one of the most successful examples of world architectural history. The museum dates back to Constantine, and after being used as a church for 916 years, it was converted into a mosque in 1453 by the orders of Fatih Sultan Mehmed and served as a mosque for 482 years. Afterwards, it is turned into a museum with request from Atatürk and the decision of the Council of Ministers.
Galata Tower, one of the most romantic structures of Istanbul, is frequently visited by both local and foreign tourists every year. There are many different stories about the structure that make up the silhouette of the city. Although there is not much information about the construction of the glorious structure, it is thought that it was built in the time of Emperor Justinian. The tower is 69,90 meters high and weighs about 10,000 tons and it was used as a prison, shelter, fire report and observatory.
Istanbul Archeology Museums
The Archaeological Museum, which must be visited by any tourist visiting Istanbul was founded in 1869 under the name of Müze-i Hümayun (the Imperial Museum). It is one of the world’s biggest museums and contains thousands of works belonging to different periods. Artifacts such as the Sarcophagies of Alexander the Great is one of the most famous works of the museum and is one of the most interesting sections. The museum was began renovations 1963 and opened again in 1974.
Sultanahmet Mosque, which is one of the most important structures of Istanbul with all its glory, Was built between 1609-1616 during the rule of Ahmed I. The minber, or pulpit, the mihrab and the royal loge (hünkâr mahfil) were built as a work of art with a special workmanship. The mosque, which is one of the most visited structures of Istanbul, is located in Fatih district.
One of the first places that comes to mind in Istanbul is the Topkapi Palace. Most of the structures within the palace was completed in the 17th century. When you look at the view, you can see the ships and countless boats passing through the Golden Horn.
The Dolmabahçe Palace, built between 1843-56 by Sultan Abdülmecit, was built in Baroque style under the Western influence. The palace, which has an elegant architecture, was home to 6 sultan’s from 1856 to 1924. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk also used the palace between 1927 and 1938 and died here.
Istanbul Island Tour
You can see all the beauties of the city closely by taking a trip to Islands, especially during summer months when the weather is hot. You should add Büyükada, Burgazada, Heybeliada and Kınalıada to the top of your list. All of the islands are open for tourism and settlement. You should keep in mind that motor vehicles are not used outside of official vehicles on the islands.
Places to Visit in Taksim
If you are going to stay in Taksim, you must visit special places such as, Istiklal Street, Taksim Square, Galatasaray High School, Çiçek Pasajı (Flower Passage), Çukurcuma and Galata. If you like walking, you can walk around without the need for a vehicle.
Places to Visit in Nişantaşı
Nişantaşı, one of the most sparkling districts of Istanbul with its latest fashion stores, cafes and luxurious venues, appeals to people with higher living standards. Tesvikiye Mosque, Abdi Ipekçi Street and Atiye Street are also located within the borders of Nişantaşı.
Places to Visit in Kadıköy
Kadıköy, overlooking the Marmara Sea coast, is one of the most central districts of the city. There is a great deal of interest to the historical structures within the area, which is busy every hour of the day. When you go to Kadikoy, you should definitely see; Haydarpaşa Station, Kadıköy Bull Sculpture, Süreyya Opera House, Moda Beach, Yogurtçu Park, Moda Tea Garden, Historical Moda Pier and Bahariye Street.
16 things which you must do in Istanbul!
- To eat fish sandwich in Eminönü.
- To smoke hookah in Tophane.
- To eat a jacket potato in Ortaköy and go on a Bosporus tour.
- To go fishing in Haliç (Golden Horn).
- To eat mussels at Galata Bridge.
- To climb Pierre Loti hill and drink tea with the scenery.
- To walk around Taksim and Istiklal Street.
- To visit the The Tortoise Trainer painting in the Pera Museum.
- To take a scenery photo on top of the Galata Tower.
- To enjoy a tiredness coffee in Mandabatmaz.
- To visit the Sultanahmed Mosque.
- To try Turkish delight and sweets in the Kapalıçarşı (Grand Bazaar)
- To explore Rumelian Castle.
- To smell the tulips in the Gülhane Park.
- To be fascinated by visiting the Basilica Cistern.
- To see the Maiden’s Tower at least once, even if from far away!
These articles may also be of interest to you:
10 Alternative Worth-Seeing Museums in Istanbul
Travel Guide for Naval Museum
Establishment Story of Istanbul Toy Museum
The History of Istanbul Archaeological Museums
Much More Than a Museum: Rahmi Koç Museum
Barış Manço Museum Guide