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SCENT OF TURKISH CULTURE: HISTORY OF THE EAU DE COLOGNE IN TURKEY

Eau de Cologne is one of the essential scents of the Turkish culture. Turkish people have been offering this pleasant odor to their guests during religious holidays and ordinary visits. For Turkish culture, the Eau de Cologne is essential if you host a guest. So, if this being the case in Turkish culture, what is the story of the Eau De Cologne? Who did invent this pleasant scent? Here the history of the Eau de Cologne and interesting facts about this wonderful scent.

It is not definitely known who invented the cologne.

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It is known that Eau de Cologne was produced in 1690 by a peddler whose name was Jean Paul Ferris living in Cologne, Germany. But, we should say that there is no information about who invented Eau de Cologne before this date. Feminis gave his receipt to the Giovanni Antonio Farina; and then Farina gave this receipt to his nephew, Giovanni Maria Farina. The nephew Farina continued to work on the receipt and produced the first cologne and called it as pleasant lavender essence. Cologne production was spread to the France in the beginning of the 19th century, and it was produced as Eau de Cologne there. However, today the whole world knows this scent as cologne. 

Cologne was also used for medical purposes for a while rather than a cosmetic product

When invented, cologne was also used for medical purposes for a while rather than a cosmetic product. The formula of the receipt had rosemary, orange flower, bergamot and lemon; and patients used to drink this blend by dropping it onto the sugar or mixing with the wine to cure digestion system diseases. It was also used as the mouthwash, cleansing the wounds, solution for the muscle and joint pains. 

After it was used as a cleaning agent, it became a favorite for bourgeoisie.

Besides its medical purposes, cologne was also used for cleaning purposes in the 18th century. During the most turbulent years of the class struggle, heavy perfume was defeated by the refreshing odor of the cologne against the rising bourgeoisie class. It became a symbol of purity. 

Cologne firstly appeared in Ottoman Empire during the first years of the reign of Abdul Hamid II

One of the imported products was Farina’s Eau de Cologne during these years. Well, when was the first Turkish cologne produced? Ahmet Faruki was the first cologne producer in Turkey. It was not until that the Eau de Cologne, which was colloquially named as “odikolon” was named after “kolonya” in Turkey by Faruki.  

It became an indispensable element of the reception ritual for the guest in every moment.
 

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Produced easily and being affordable, the cologne was immediately spread all over Turkey. Then, it became a part of the ritual of reception of the guests. Even today, the same ritual continues as a tradition in Turkish society. 

Many different versions of the cologne were produced; it stills protects its importance until today.

Cologne became one of the most important traditions in Turkey. Today, different regions have different cologne types. Golden drop of Izmir (Altın Damla), citrus flower of Antalya, tea cologne of Rize, tobacco cologne of Düzce, apple cologne of Amasya, olive flower cologne of Ayvalık... 

Having an important part of Turkish culture, cologne has continued to maintain its importance in the society for long years and accompanied people from the celebration of religious holidays, visitations and voyages...
 

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