Sunscreen is one of the first skincare products that should not be neglected. Sunscreens, which dermatologists recommend using in all seasons, regardless of if it is summer or winter, help protect the natural texture of our skin. There are points to be considered in the selection of sunscreens, which form a protective barrier against UV rays, which are dangerous for our skin and can cause spots and premature aging signs. So, what should we pay attention to when choosing a sunscreen? Let's take a look at what you need to pay attention to protect yourself from the sun, choose the most suitable sunscreen for your skin, and use the product correctly.
What Should You Do to Protect From The Sun During Summer?
In order to protect yourself from the harmful effects of the sun, especially during the summer seasons, you need to pay attention to some points. For example, you should be careful not to go out at noon, especially between 11.00-15.00, when the sun's rays come strongly at the right angle. Of course, this is not always possible, and we may have to go out at noon. However, in this case, you need to get support from accessories such as hats and sunglasses to protect yourself from the sun. Preferring light-colored clothing prevents you from sweating more while protecting you from the intense effects of the rays. In addition, you should use other sunscreen equipment, such as sunscreens, consciously.
What Should You Consider When Buying Sunscreen?
Sunscreens can have physical and chemical filters as well as hybrid structures. Physical filter creams reflect UVA and UVB rays back, while chemical filter sunscreens convert UV rays into heat. In chemical sunscreens, UV rays are absorbed by the reactions taking place in the inner layers of the skin, while in physical sunscreens, the rays are neutralized on the skin surface. Both sunscreens have different properties and suitable uses. You can make your choice in consultation with your doctor.
Other details to consider in order to choose the sunscreen that is the best suit for your skin's needs are as follows:
You Should Pay Attention to the Sun Protection Factor
The sunscreens available in the market are generally divided into three categories, factor 15, 30, and 50. SPF 30 sunscreens are not enough for the summer season. You can use factor 50 sunscreens instead. During the winter, you can choose 30-factor sunscreens instead of 50-factor. You can apply 15-factor products to your skin for daily use.
Sunscreen Must Have Both UVA and UVB Filters
UV rays make up a very small part of the sun's rays reaching the earth. While UVC rays are blocked by the ozone layer, UVA and UVB rays reach us. UVB rays can cause sunburns, sun allergies, and skin cancer. UVA rays, on the other hand, can go down to the lower layers of the skin and cause the production of free radicals and in the long term, problems such as skin cancer, pigmentation disorders, photoaging, and sun intolerance. Therefore, it is very important that the sunscreen you choose contains both UVB and UVA filters.
You Should Choose a Product According to Your Skin Type and Color
If your skin is dry, you should go for more intense sunscreens, if it is oily or acne-prone, you should go for more fluid and non-oily sunscreens. White-skinned people can tan and even burn more easily than dark-skinned people. Therefore, if you are white-skinned, you should prefer multi-factor sunscreens.
Things to Consider When Using a Sunscreen
You should apply your sunscreen half an hour before going outside. Allowing your skin time to absorb the cream increases the protection of the cream. The effect of sunscreen usually decreases within 4 hours. You should reapply sunscreen every 4 hours. If water comes into contact with your face and you dry your face with a towel, the effect of your sunscreen will disappear completely. In this case, you need to reapply your sunscreen.
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