Located in the northwest of Turkey, Çanakkale is a city with important historical connotations. Çanakkale was established on both Asian and European lands. And these lands were home to many civilizations. And Çanakkale has a great importance for Turkey. Because this city witnessed the Battle of Gallipoli that was fought between the Ottoman Empire and the Allied Powers. The Allied Powers were defeated in these battles which took place between 1915-1916, and the Turkish people won a great victory. Owing to its natural beauties, the civilizations it hosted and its historical significance, Çanakkale has tens of places worth seeing. Today, the city is visited by thousands of domestic and foreign tourists every year. If you are also planning to go to Çanakkale and wondering how to go, when to go, where to visit and what to eat, you should definitely read this article. Happy reading!
How to go to Çanakkale?
The easiest way to go to Çanakkale is by air. There are flights to Çanakkale Airport from several locations in Turkey. This airport is 5 km away from the city center. After reaching the airport, you can go to the city center by taxi, bus or a shuttle service. It is a 7 hours drive from Istanbul to Çanakkale. You can also use the Gallipoli and Eceabat ferries to reach Çanakkale. You can save 2 hours by using these ferries. There are also motorboat and ferryboat options in Gallipoli.
When to go to Çanakkale?
Thanks to its location, Çanakkale has both a Mediterranean and Black Sea climate. As the city is rather in the north, it is colder than the southern parts in winter. While the weather is cooler in the Gallipoli Peninsula and middle regions, the Edremit Gulf has Mediterranean climate. Cold weather from the Balkans makes the winds felt more harshly. It snows during a very short time of the year. Whereas in summer and spring, it rains heavily. Coastal and inner regions of the city might differ in terms of temperature. While the highest temperature is 38 degrees, the lowest temperature is -10 degrees. And the average temperature is 14.7 degrees. December, January and February are rainy months so we would recommend spring and summer as the best time to visit Çanakkale.
What to eat in Çanakkale?
Çanakkale is renowned for its exquisite culinary traditions. During your visit in Çanakkale, you should definitely taste the ovmaç soup made with onion and flour; spinach soup made with ingredients like garlic, vinegar and onion; tumbi (vegetable patties); çırpma (spinach and scallion pie); melki (red pine mushroom); black-eyed pea patties; eggplant stew; stuffed mussels and fish varieties.
Must-see places in Çanakkale
Here are some must-see places in Çanakkale:
Ancient City of Troy: Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988, the Ancient City of Troy is known globally and visited by tourists from all over the world. Located on the piedmont of Mount Ida, the Ancient City of Troy is where the Trojan War, which is referred to in the Iliad, took place. Just like Miletus and Ephesus, the city was founded near the sea back then. However, today it is far from the sea because of alluviums.
Assos: Located in the Behramkale Village of Ayvacık district, Assos is a must-see place in Çanakkale. Facing the Lesbos Island, this place was shaped by Roman, Pergamon, Persian and Lydian civilizations. It is an ideal holiday destination for history lovers.
Gallipoli Peninsula Historical National Park: The Gallipoli Peninsula Historical National Park was established in 1973 on the southern edge of the Gallipoli Peninsula. Recognized and protected by the United Nations, this area gets the attention due to its history. Inside the National Park are the graves and memorials of more than 60,000 Turkish soldiers, and more than 250,000 soldiers from France, UK, New Zealand and Australia Here you can also see bastions, castles, trenches, ships and more.
Gallipoli Mevlevi Lodge & Coal Harbor: Gallipoli Mevlevi Lodge is the largest lodge of Mevlevi Dervishes in the world which plays host to Şeb-i Aruz (Night of Union) ceremonies every year. This place is also open to visitors every day. Furthermore, the Coal Harbor near Fındıklı Village is a fascinating place for divers. If you are into diving, don’t forget to dive at the Coal Harbor.
Babakale: Deriving its name from a castle in the site, the ancient names of Babakale were Lektos and Lekton. Babakale is mentioned in Geographika and the Iliad. And its significance in the Ottoman period dates back to the 18th century. During a storm, Ahmed III took shelter in this natural harbor. Taking the opportunity, the people brought a complaint to Ahmed III about the pirates. Upon this, Ahmed III assigned his vizier to solve this problem and deployed the prisoners in the country for the construction of a castle. The construction was disrupted by the Patrona Halil Rebellion and the project was postponed to a later date.
Çanakkale Archeological Museum: The Çanakkale Archeological Museum was opened in the annex of a church on the Victory Square in 1965. It was then moved to its new place on Atatürk Street in 1984. This single-floor archeological museum exhibits stone artifacts from the Roman and Hellenistic periods, Çanakkale tiles, Trojan works of art, Prehistoric artifacts and Roman sculptures.
Mount Ida: An oxygen-packed site, Mount Ida has unique vegetation. As the mountains extend well into the Aegean coasts, they occupy an extensive area. Here you can both experience marine and continental climates simultaneously. The must-see places here include the Altar of Zeus and Tahtakuşlar Ethnography Museum.
Gökçeada & Bozcada: Bozcaada and Gökçeada are among the must-see places in Çanakkale. Bozcaada is the third largest island in Turkey. This island was used as a base by the Greeks during the Trojan War. The island was ruled by the Byzantine, Roman and Persian empires with the Turkish influence starting in 1328. Gökçeada is the largest island in Turkey. With its 91-km coastline, this island is the westernmost point of Turkey. Gökçeada is a popular location thanks to its peaceful atmosphere, wide range of social activities, fabulous nature, extreme sports activities and underwater national park.
These articles may also be of interest to you:
A Meeting Point of History and Nature: Çanakkale
A Guide to Bozcaada; an Island which is Beautiful in Every Season
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