The world is a beautiful place to visit without neglecting any of its points. But specially for those who love to visit historical sites and listen to their stories, there are unique countries and cities around the world. Here’s one of them and in fact the most important: Rome.
The streets of Rome, with its unique architectural history, it is immediately clear that there is a story behind the city. Even when you walk on the streets, you can feel the story down to your bones. Of course there are certain things you should know before visiting this magnificent city, which deserves to be visited more than once. Such as the places you need to visit and the wonderful tastes you need to taste...
This impressive structure is one of the things that come to mind when it comes to Rome. Its construction began in 72 AD and was completed it in eight years. The amphitheater, which was used for gladiatorial fights, executions and wild animal fights for more than 450 years, is not only Rome's, but also the most popular place in the world. Therefore you should see the Coliseum as soon as you go to Rome.
The Roman Forum was the center of politics, trade and law in Ancient Rome. There are many important structures that you can see in this special area. Arch of Septimius Severus, Maxentius and Constantinus Basilica, Temple of Saturn, Arch of Titus are just a few of them. That’s why the Roman Forum is one of the first places you should see your trip.
The Vatican is the smallest country in the world that is located in Rome and separated by a large door. That is why everybody who goes to Rome must visit. This small country belongs to the Catholic Church and is ruled by the pope. The population of the country is only 800 people. There are many special places to visit within the country: St. Peter’s Basilica, Saint Peter’s Square, Vatican Museums, Vatican Gardens, are some of the places to visit.
4. St Peter's Square
This square, located in the Vatican, was designed by the artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini for Pope VIII. Alexander in the 17th century. In the St. Peter's Square, there are two fountains which are the works of Bernini on the left and Domenico Fontana on the right. This is one of the most important places to visit in the Vatican City.
5. St Peter’s Basilica
The St. Peter’s Basilica is located right in front of Saint Peter's Square. This is the fourth largest basilica in Rome and the most important structure of Christianity. This fascinating place, one of the largest churches in the world, can accommodate 60,000 people at the same time.
6. Spanish Steps (Piazza Di Spagna)
These famous set of steps are located in Piazza Di Spagna Square. This square is a meeting place for people and also a place frequented by tourists. The name derives from the Spanish Consulate near by. This area includes shopping streets and the most famous shopping street, Via Condotti. So, no matter what time of day it is, you can spend time on these steps and chat with tourists from all over the world.
7. Trevi Fountain (La Fontana Di Trevi)
The Trevi Fountain is located very close to the Spanish Steps. The fountain, which was built in 1732, was completed in 30 years. The original name is La Fontana Di Trevi, meaning three streets fountain. The reason for this is that the fountain was at the junction of three roads. People who visit here make a wish and toss a coins into the fountain. According to the tale, people who do this visit the area one more time. Whether it is true or not it is worth trying to see this beauty again. :)
Trastevere is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city, separated by the Tiber river from Rome. The narrow and cobblestone stone streets are both maze-like and very colorful. It is a small neighborhood with its greengrocers and butcher shops and extremely touristic with its cafe and restaurants. So it is absolutely necessary to see the beauty of Tiber River and then visit this charming neighborhood.
As you stroll through the streets of Rome, you can suddenly come across historic structures that are magnificent with dazzling architecture. Pantheon is one of them. This temple was built between 118-125 AD by Emperor Hadrian, for dedication to Roman gods. The most important part of this unique architecture is the dome. There is a hole named Oculus on the dome that allows light to enter. According to tale, the devils rose into the sky from this hole.
10. Piazza Navona
Navona Square is one of Rome’s most vibrant squares. This elliptical square was used as a stadium in the 1st century AD. There are 3 fountains in the Piazza Navona and the most famous is the Fountain of the Four Rivers designed by Bernini. While visiting this place, you can feel its history and visit cafes, restaurants and gift shops.
11. Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II
This magnificent building, within a walking distance from Colosseum, was built between 1885 and 1991 by Giuseppe Sacconi, the first king of the United Kingdom of Italy Vittorio Emanuele II. Located in Piazza Venezia Square. It is one of the most famous monuments of Rome.
12. Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
This is one of the most important religious structures of Rome. The ceiling which will stiffen your neck because of its beauty is covered with a gold star from the New World, which was the gift of the Spanish Queen Isabella to the Pope. Although the church has undergone many renovations throughout history, the mosaics of the church are still in their original form dating from the 5th century.
13. Villa Borghese Gardens
Villa Borghese gardens is one the most famous park in Rome. It has a large area of 1700 acres and contains gardens, fountains, sculptures, hiking trails and a water clock. It is also a very important destination for both locals and tourists as it is far from the noise of the city.
14. What to eat in Rome?
The cuisine of Italy which is Mediterranean country, is very close to our cuisine. That is why you will not have any trouble eating in Rome. It is our suggestion that you do not come back without trying the famous Italian flavors of pasta, pizza, mozzarella - Parmesan cheese, Roman ice cream, tiramisu and espresso. Because it is possible to find these delicious flavors in almost every corner of Rome, that is center of these great tastes. Also, do not forget to sit in a stylish restaurant in one of Rome’s famous squares that is on our list, have a nice dinner and drink a fragrant coffee at a charming Italian café!
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