World Heritage is a list of cultural and natural heritage on the world designated by UNESCO. The aim of this is to protect these heritages for future generations. There are important sites protected by UNESCO in our country which has hosted many civilizations and is very rich in natural and historical beauties. While there are currently 15 sites under protection, we have detailed 11 of them for you. Here are 11 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey
Cappadocia, one of the most significant attractions in Turkey, emerged 60 million years ago, after layers of lava and ash soft from Mount Erciyes, Mount Hasan, and Güllüdağ eroded by wind and rain over millions of years. And the human settlement in this particular place stretches back to the paleolithic era. Göreme and Cappadocia National Park have been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since December 6th, 1985. Because it is necessary to pass down this natural beauty from generation to generation.
2. Mount Nemrut
Mount Nemrut, which is located in the Southeastern Anatolia region and Adıyaman with a height of 2150 meters, has been on UNESCO's World Heritage List since 1987. Also, Mount Nemrut is considered as the 8th wonder of the world. In 62 BC, King Antiochus Theos of Commagene built on the mountain top a tomb-sanctuary of himself, and various Greek and Persian gods. On the tomb, there are engravings of the gods resemble an eagle head. The arrangement of such statues is known by the term hierothesion.
3. Pamukkale and Hierapolis National Park
Pamukkale located in Denizli province is famous for its spas, carbonate minerals from its running water, and terraces and travertines. It is in the Aegean region and in the mild climate of the Menderes River valley. This natural beauty was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.
Hierapolis is an ancient city near Denizli. It was built on a total of 2700 meters long, 600 meters wide and 160 meters high white castle. From its design, it is thought that gladiator fights were arranged here. At the entrance of the city, there is a Medusa figurine to be protected the goddess Medusa.
Historic Safranbolu city was added on the UNESCO World Heritage List on December 17th, 1994 and has assumed the title “World Heritage City”. This beautiful city with its semi-wooden Greek-style earthquake-resistant houses succeeded in maintaining its architectural traditions without being influenced by the modern urbanization of Anatolia and reached present day.
The ancient city of Troy has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1988. The ancient city is located at Hisarlik Hill, west of the village of Tevfikiye, connected to the central district of Çanakkale. In this ancient city, the Trojan War, which was described in Ilyada, one of the epics thought to have been written by Homer, was realized. And the ancient city was discovered in the 1870s by German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann.
6. Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex
Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex in Edirne was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List on June 28th 2011. Thus, the Drina Bridge, another Ottoman artifact has entered the list of world heritage. Architect Sinan refers to this very special mosque built in Edirne as “my best work”.
The capital of the Hittite Empire, Hattusa, was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1986. This special city is located 4 km east of the Boğazkale district in the south-east of the Sungurlu district of Çorum. Hattusa is a city that showed development in the field of art and architecture and is the capital of the Hittite State. In the excavations that spread over a wide area, remains of 5 cultures were discovered.
8. Historical places in İstanbul
Historical places in İstanbul were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. Hagia Sophia, Basilica Cistern, Valens Aqueduct, Sultanahmet Square are some of these places. Because Istanbul has been home to different civilizations and cultures throughout ages. Besides the existing historical structures, many new remains are still being discovered in excavations.
9. Neolithic Site of Çatalhöyük
Neolithic site of Çatalhöyük, located in Konya, was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in the year 2012. Because this area was inhabited 9 thousand years ago, and was the settlement place during most of Neolithic Age and Chalcolithic Age. In addition, the inhabitants of Çatalhöyük, one of the oldest settlements in the world, are one of the world's first agricultural communities.
10. Divriği Great Mosque and Hospital
Divriği Great Mosque and Hospital was added to the UNESCO World Heritage is in the year 1985. The mosque was built by Ahmed Shah, between the years 1228-1229; Hospital was also built by Turan Melek, the wife of Ahmed Shah, in the same year. It is known that a male silhouette standing from the shadows occurs as the sun rays hits the entrance door of this very special mosque. In front of this silhouette, it is believed that there is another shadow similar to a rectangle reading the Quran and praying.
11. Letoon Ancient City
This ancient city, located near Fethiye, was the capital of Lycia in the archaic age. The traces of oldest settlement in the city dates back to 7 BC. The remains indicate that this was a religious and political area. It is known that Letoon was abandoned in the seventh century CE.